Pregnant women with a Listeria infection can pass the infection to their unborn babies. Listeria infection can cause miscarriages, stillbirths, and preterm labor. Listeria infection can cause serious illness and even death in newborns.
How do you know if you have Listeria when pregnant?
What are the symptoms of listeriosis? Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria.
How common is it to get Listeria while pregnant?
Pregnant women are about 10 times more likely to get listeriosis than other healthy adults. An estimated 1/6 of all Listeria cases occur in pregnant women.
How quickly can Listeria affect a fetus?
Early onset listeriosis develops 1-2 days after birth, and the baby often has signs of a serious bacterial infection. Late onset listeriosis occurs 1-2 weeks after birth, and usually includes symptoms of meningitis ( a condition where there are areas of swelling around the brain and spinal cord in the baby).
How is Listeria treated in pregnancy?
Whereas maternal illness is mild and sometimes asymptomatic, fetal and neonatal infection is severe and frequently fatal, with a case fatality rate of 20% to 30%. Penicillin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin have been used most extensively in the treatment of listeriosis.
Should I worry about Listeria while pregnant?
Listeriosis can make people feel sick, but rarely causes severe health problems. What’s scary for moms-to-be, however, is that having it during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and preterm birth. Babies of moms who had listeriosis during pregnancy are also at risk for listeria infection.
Has anyone got Listeria pregnant?
Fortunately, the illness is rare: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 1,600 people contract listeriosis in the United States every year. About a sixth of reported cases occur in pregnant women.
How long does it take before you know you have listeria?
People with invasive listeriosis usually report symptoms starting 1 to 4 weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria; some people have reported symptoms starting as late as 70 days after exposure or as early as the same day of exposure.
How common is miscarriage from Listeria?
For their study, the team obtained a strain of Listeria known to have caused miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature delivery in at least 11 pregnant women in 2000.
What causes Listeria in pregnancy?
Listeria infection is a foodborne bacterial illness that can be very serious for pregnant women, people older than 65 and people with weakened immune systems. It’s most commonly caused by eating improperly processed deli meats and unpasteurized milk products.
How do you get rid of Listeria?
COOKED MEAT – Listeria is killed by cooking. Thoroughly cooking product to 165ºF/74ºC will kill the bacteria. Consumers at high risk for contracting listeriosis (e.g. pregnant women and the elderly) should reheat deli meats immediately before consumption. FREEZING – Listeria is not killed by freezing.