The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first and only epinephrine autoinjector (EAI) specifically designed for the treatment of life-threatening allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, in infants and children weighing 16.5 to 33 pounds (7.5 to 15 kg), according to a company statement.
Can you give an infant an adult EpiPen?
According to product instructions, the 0.30 mg dosage of both the EpiPen® and Allerject™ auto-injectors should be used for adults and children weighing 30 kg or more (66lbs+); and the 0.15 mg dosage should be used for children weighing between 15 kg to 30 kg (33-66lbs).
How do you use an EpiPen on a baby?
Hold the leg and the child steadily. Press the orange part firmly against the thigh so that it clicks – stay there, don’t bounce. Hold for 10 seconds – Press, Click and Hold. Some of you may have an epinephrine injector that looks like this.
What happens if you use an EpiPen without needing it?
An accidental injection to the hands or feet can impair blood flow to these areas and can potentially cause tissue death. This however, is the worst-case scenario. Symptoms of an accidental injection are not usually so severe and may include: temporary numbness or tingling.
What are the two most common signs of anaphylaxis?
- Skin reactions, including hives and itching and flushed or pale skin.
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Constriction of your airways and a swollen tongue or throat, which can cause wheezing and trouble breathing.
- A weak and rapid pulse.
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Dizziness or fainting.
What age can a child have an EpiPen?
Of note, the Epipen® Jr and Allerject® 0.15 mg are officially indicated for children between 15 and 30 kg. But it is often prescribed in children <15 kg because there is no clinically accepted alternative with a lower dose of epinephrine.
When should a child use an EpiPen?
Give your child an EpiPen any time they develop severe symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Throat and tongue symptoms:
- Swelling of the throat.
- Tightness of the throat.
- Swelling of the tongue.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Change in voice or cry (e.g. a hoarse-sounding or squeaky voice)
- Slurred speech.
- Difficulty vocalizing.
How long do you hold an EpiPen in place?
Hold the auto-injector in place until all the medicine is injected—usually no more than 3 seconds. Remove the needle by pulling the pen straight out. A protective shield will cover the needle as soon as it is removed from the thigh. Put the injector back into its safety tube.
Do you have to go to the hospital after using an EpiPen?
Why you should go to the emergency room after using the EpiPen. You should always be checked out at the ER after using your EpiPen. That is not because of the epinephrine, but because the allergic reaction probably requires further monitoring.
What can I use instead of an EpiPen?
Alternatives to EpiPen
- Epinephrine Autoinjector. Teva pharmaceuticals received FDA approval in August of 2018 for the first ‘true’ generic of the EpiPen. …
- Adrenaclick. …
- Impax Epinephrine Autoinjector (authorized generic for Adrenaclick) …
- Auvi-Q. …
What 3 things are likely to be seen in an anaphylactic reaction?
Symptoms of anaphylaxis
- feeling lightheaded or faint.
- breathing difficulties – such as fast, shallow breathing.
- a fast heartbeat.
- clammy skin.
- confusion and anxiety.
- collapsing or losing consciousness.
Will Benadryl stop anaphylaxis?
An antihistamine pill, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), isn’t sufficient to treat anaphylaxis. These medications can help relieve allergy symptoms, but work too slowly in a severe reaction.
What will an EpiPen do to a normal person?
Epinephrine acts quickly to improve breathing, stimulate the heart, raise a dropping blood pressure, reverse hives, and reduce swelling of the face, lips, and throat.
How do you know if you need an EpiPen?
When is an EpiPen Used?
- Skin rash.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Trouble breathing.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Swollen tongue or throat.
- Low blood pressure.
- In extreme cases, difficulty breathing, and shock.