Their eyes move quickly from side to side (nystagmus), jerk or wander randomly. Their eyes don’t follow your face or an object. They don’t seem to make eye contact with family and friends. Their eyes don’t react to bright light being turned on in the room.
What causes a newborn to be blind?
There are many causes of blindness in children. Blindness may be due to genetic mutations, birth defects, premature birth, nutritional deficiencies, infections, injuries, and other causes. Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), cataracts, Vitamin A deficiency and refractive error are also causes.
How common is blindness in newborns?
In the US, about 1,100 – 1,500 infants annually develop ROP serious enough to require treatment. Of those, about 400-600 become legally blind. The earlier a premature baby is born, the higher their risk of developing ROP.
How long does it take a newborn to start seeing?
By around 8 weeks of age, most babies can easily focus on their parents’ faces. Around 3 months, your baby’s eyes should be following things around. If you waggle a brightly colored toy near your baby, you should be able to see their eyes tracking its movements and their hands reaching to grab it.
When do babies start recognizing their parents?
Some studies suggest babies may be able to recognize their parents’ faces within days of birth, but others say it could take up to two months. Your baby’s vision will continue to improve throughout her first year. By the time she’s 8 months old, she’ll be able to recognize you from across the room.
Which newborn is at greatest risk of developing blindness?
The factors that put infants at greatest risk of developing ROP are low birth weight (less than 3.5 pounds) and premature delivery (26-28 weeks). In babies born prematurely, the growth and development of normal blood vessels in the retina is halted and abnormal vessels may begin to develop.
How can you prevent blindness in babies?
Prevent Blindness recommends a continuum of eye care for children that can include both vision screening and comprehensive eye exams. All children, even those with no signs of trouble, should have their eyes checked at regular intervals.
Can blindness at birth be cured?
While 80% of visual impairment can be prevented or cured, there remains 20% of cases for which there is currently no way of curing. A range of conditions exists where those who develop them are faced with a gradual loss of vision until their impairment is so severe that they are effectively blind.
Do blind babies smile?
From the 4th week of life, blind babies smile in response to the sound of their mother’s or father’s voices (Fraiberg, 1971, 1975, 1977; Freedman, 1964). The smile of blind infants has apparent similarities with the smile of sighted infants, but some differences can be detected concerning its development.