During the first trimester of pregnancy, listeriosis may cause miscarriage. As the pregnancy progresses to third trimester, the mother is more at risk. Listeriosis can also lead to premature labor, the delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, or infant death.
How do you know if you have Listeria when pregnant?
What are the symptoms of listeriosis? Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria.
Should I worry about Listeria while pregnant?
Listeriosis can make people feel sick, but rarely causes severe health problems. What’s scary for moms-to-be, however, is that having it during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and preterm birth. Babies of moms who had listeriosis during pregnancy are also at risk for listeria infection.
Can you treat Listeria when pregnant?
Listeriosis is treated with antibiotics during pregnancy. These antibiotics, in most cases, will prevent infection to the fetus and newborn. These same antibiotics are also given to newborns with listeriosis.
How quickly can Listeria affect a fetus?
Early onset listeriosis develops 1-2 days after birth, and the baby often has signs of a serious bacterial infection. Late onset listeriosis occurs 1-2 weeks after birth, and usually includes symptoms of meningitis ( a condition where there are areas of swelling around the brain and spinal cord in the baby).
Has anyone had listeria while pregnant?
Fortunately, the illness is rare: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 1,600 people contract listeriosis in the United States every year. About a sixth of reported cases occur in pregnant women.
Can a fetus survive listeria?
Healthy people rarely become ill from listeria infection, but the disease can be fatal to unborn babies, newborns and people with weakened immune systems. Prompt antibiotic treatment can help curb the effects of listeria infection.
How does Listeria cause stillbirth?
It is hypothesized that after ingestion of the contaminated food, the Listeria enters into the bloodstream through bacterial translocation, and then disseminates, having a particular predilection for the fetoplacental unit, causing fetal infection.
How common is it to get Listeria while pregnant?
Pregnant women are about 10 times more likely to get listeriosis than other healthy adults. An estimated 1/6 of all Listeria cases occur in pregnant women.
When do you get tested for Listeria in pregnancy?
Women should consider testing for Listeria during their second or third trimesters of pregnancy if they have shown any signs of illness similar to listeriosis, particularly if they have eaten high-risk foods such as deli meats or unpasteurized dairy, said Jeff Duchin, M.D., chief of communicable disease control for …
How long does it take before you know you have Listeria?
People with invasive listeriosis usually report symptoms starting 1 to 4 weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria; some people have reported symptoms starting as late as 70 days after exposure or as early as the same day of exposure.