Some women get swollen and sore gums, which may bleed, during pregnancy. Bleeding gums are caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your gums more vulnerable to plaque, leading to inflammation and bleeding. This is also called pregnancy gingivitis or gum disease.
What does pregnancy gingivitis look like?
Pregnancy gingivitis is very similar to the gingivitis that occurs outside of pregnancy, and can include a mild inflammation of the gums due to plaque buildup, with red and sore gums that bleed when probed. If you have red, sensitive, or swollen gums during pregnancy, you’re not alone.
Are sensitive gums normal during pregnancy?
Pregnancy gingivitis is partly caused by hormonal changes that make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque. Essentially, your levels of progesterone and estrogen are incredibly high during pregnancy, and this increases blood flow to your mucous membranes, which leads to sensitivity.
Why are my gums so sensitive pregnancy?
The most common causes of sensitive teeth during pregnancy include: Hormones. According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), pregnancy hormones can actually affect the way your body responds to bacteria, which can lead to periodontal infection and – you guessed it – sore teeth and gums. Increased blood flow.
When do sore gums start in pregnancy?
The same pregnancy hormones that cause your mucous membranes to swell and your sinuses to clog up also inflame your gums from around week 15 of pregnancy on, making them more likely to bleed easily.
What is the fastest way to heal swollen gums?
Home remedies for swollen gums
- Mix 1 teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces of lukewarm warm water.
- Rinse your mouth with this saltwater solution for 30 seconds.
- Spit it out; do not swallow it.
- Do this 2 to 3 times a day until the swelling goes away.
Can gingivitis cause miscarriage?
Effects of gum disease on a growing fetus range depending upon the severity and timing of infection. Periodontal disease in an expectant mother can even lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. And the cause can be as simple as gestational gingivitis—something that is easily overlooked, even by doctors.
Why do I have sore gums?
Brushing too hard, improper flossing techniques, infection, or gum disease can cause sore and sensitive gums. Other causes unrelated to oral hygiene could include a Vitamin K deficiency, hormonal changes during pregnancy, leukemia or blood disorders.
Can tooth pain affect pregnancy?
4. Can a tooth infection harm my unborn baby? You should not take the presence of infection lightly while pregnant. The infection may cause severe discomfort and pain, which may directly or indirectly affect your baby.