What happens if a baby comes out blue?

When a baby is born blue, this is a sign that there is an abnormally low amount of oxygen in his or her blood. The condition is commonly called blue baby syndrome and may be the result of a congenital heart defect called Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or a condition known as infant methemoglobinemia.

Do blue babies survive?

Studies show that the long-term survival of “blue babies” and other patients with congenital heart defects is reasonably good. Over 90 percent of the patients are alive 20 years after the first conduit operation, while the mortality rate within 30 days after the operation is less than 1 percent, reoperations included.

What does the color blue indicate in babies?

There are two reasons why the blood under a baby’s skin might look blue: The baby’s lungs are not getting enough oxygen. Since oxygen is what makes blood turn red, blood cells without oxygen remain blue (“cyanosis”).

Who Cured blue baby syndrome?

Vivien Theodore Thomas (August 29, 1910 – November 26, 1985) was an American laboratory supervisor who developed a procedure used to treat blue baby syndrome (now known as cyanotic heart disease) in the 1940s.

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Vivien Thomas
Institutions Johns Hopkins Hospital, Vanderbilt University Hospital
Research Blue baby syndrome

What blood type causes blue baby syndrome?

Rh disease occurs during pregnancy. It happens when the Rh factors in the mom’s and baby’s blood don’t match. If the Rh negative mother has been sensitized to Rh positive blood, her immune system will make antibodies to attack her baby.

What does a baby turning blue look like?

Parents should investigate any bluish color they spot on their baby’s skin. Blue skin means the underlying blood has a blue cast rather than the nice pink color of blood with lots of oxygen in it. Fortunately, in most cases it’s quite normal and harmless as long as it’s temporary.

Why do my baby’s eyelids look bruised?

Called subconjunctival hemorrhage, this occurs when blood leaks under the covering of the eyeball due to the trauma of delivery. It’s a harmless condition similar to a skin bruise that goes away after several days, and it generally doesn’t indicate that there has been any damage to the infant’s eyes.

Are babies born blue normal?

A baby’s hands and feet may stay bluish in color for several days. This is a normal response to a baby’s underdeveloped blood circulation. But blue coloring of other parts of the body isn’t normal.

Why does my baby go blue around the mouth?

“If your baby’s lips are turning blue, or the mucus membranes in their mouth or tongue turn blue, this is a sign that they are not getting enough oxygen,” says Carrie Drazba, MD, a pediatrician at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. This condition is known as cyanosis.

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Why does my 1 year old lips turn blue?

It is very common in newborns, and it results from temperature changes. When a baby gets cold, their blood vessels constrict to concentrate the flow of blood around vital organs, such as the heart, lungs, and brain. As the baby’s internal temperature regulates, their coloring should return to normal.

Is blue baby syndrome hereditary?

It occurs in about one in 3,000 live births, and accounts for 10 percent of all serious congenital heart disease. TOF is puzzling, Seidman says, because the parents of most babies with the condition have normal hearts and seem to confer no genetic predisposition for the defect.

What are the signs of brain damage in babies?

Physical symptoms can include a small head or skull, a large forehead, a malformed spine, stiffness in the neck, unusual or distorted facial features, and abnormal eye movement. Other early symptoms of brain damage can include seizures.

Can a baby recover from brain damage?

Fortunately, most cases are mild, and children will recover well with minimal or no complications. The recovery from mild brain damage is not necessarily rapid, though. It could take years of therapy and other interventions to help a child recover normal function.

How long can a baby not breathe before brain damage?

How long can a baby go without oxygen before brain damage occurs? The impact of oxygen deprivation will vary from baby to baby. However, it is estimated that after approximately 10 minutes of no oxygen brain damage will start to occur and that death will occur if the baby is completely starved of oxygen for 25 minutes.

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