Why is blood taken from a baby heel?

What is the heel prick test? The ‘heel prick test’ is when a blood sample is taken from a baby’s heel so that the baby’s blood can be tested for certain metabolic disorders. The blood sample is taken using an automated device called a lancet. The lancet is used to make a small puncture on the side of the baby’s heel.

Why do they take blood from a baby’s heel?

An abnormal oxygen level can indicate a critical heart malformation. About 24 hours after your baby is born before you’re discharged from the hospital, a nurse will administer a “heel prick” test to look for indications in the blood of rare medical conditions such as phenylketonuria or PKU.

Why do we prefer heel puncture on infants?

The heel-stick method for drawing capillary blood is the most common way to draw newborns’ blood. It is used to collect blood for newborn screening tests, usually before the baby leaves the hospital. Heel sticks are the most commonly performed invasive procedure in neonatal intensive care units.

IT\'S FUN:  You asked: How do I give my 8 month old chickpeas?

What does the heel stick test for?

Within 48 hours of a child’s birth, a sample of blood is obtained from a “heel stick,” and the blood is analyzed for up to 50 diseases, including phenylketonuria (PKU), sickle cell disease, and hypothyroidism. The sample, called a “blood spot,” is tested at a state public health or other participating laboratory.

What is the most serious complication of an infant heel stick?

With heel puncture for blood sampling there can be complications: cellulitis, abscess, necrotizing chondritis of calcaneous cartilage, and calcaneal osteomyelitis. Choosing the right depth, site and technique can minimize or avoid these complications.

How do I stop my heel stick from hurting?

Swaddling infants while holding them in an upright position was superior for pain relief during heel lance procedures when compared with a standard position technique,” the researchers wrote. The study included 42 newborns who were randomly assigned to two groups.

What is the safest area for infant heel puncture?

Therefore, in order to avoid calcaneal puncture and the risk of osteochondritis, heel puncture in the newborn should be done: (1) on the most medial or lateral portions of the plantar surface of the heel; (2) no deeper than 2.4 mm; (3) not on the posterior curvature of the heel; and (4) not through previous puncture …

What part of the body is used to collect blood from an infant?

The neonatal heel prick, also known as a dermal puncture, is by far the most popular way to collect blood from newborns and infants up to about six months of age. Dermal punctures are preferable because, when done correctly, they are guaranteed to produce blood, removing the uncertainty of needle sticks.

IT\'S FUN:  How long can a child drink breast milk?

How do you stick a heel on a baby?

Apply mild pressure between thumb and fingers to hold ankle in dorsiflexion. Do not excessively squeeze heel. Place the automated lancing device on the appropriate area on the side of the heel (see the image below), then activate it. Placement of heel lancing device on outer portion of plantar surface of heel.

Why is blood taken from heel?

A tiny needle prick on your newborn’s foot can tell doctors most of what they need to know about your baby’s genes. Doctors use the heel-stick test, a type of blood test, to check for a variety of (rare) genetic problems. A few drops of your baby’s blood will be drawn from her heel and sent to a lab for testing.

What tests are done at birth?

What are the most common newborn screening tests?

  • Congenital Hypothyroidism. …
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU) …
  • Galactosemia. …
  • Sickle Cell Disease. …
  • Maple Syrup Urine Disease. …
  • Homocystinuria. …
  • Biotinidase Deficiency. …
  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.