Frequent question: What is infant hip dysplasia?

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition where the “ball and socket” joint of the hip does not properly form in babies and young children. It’s sometimes called congenital dislocation of the hip, or hip dysplasia.

How common is hip dysplasia in infants?

Hip dysplasia that needs treatment occurs in approximately 2-3 children per thousand. However, some studies have detected mild instability in up to one infant in six (15%). Most of this mild instability resolves spontaneously.

How do babies develop hip dysplasia?

The baby’s womb position can increase pressure on the hips.

The positioning of the baby in the womb can cause more pressure on the hip joints, stretching the ligaments. It’s thought that babies in a normal position in the womb have more stress on the left hip than on the right hip.

Can infant hip dysplasia cause problems later in life?

Later in life, hip dysplasia can damage the soft cartilage (labrum) that rims the socket portion of the hip joint. This is called a hip labral tear. Hip dysplasia can also make the joint more likely to develop osteoarthritis.

What happens if hip dysplasia is left untreated in babies?

Some babies may need one or more surgeries as they grow because the hip can dislocate again. If DDH is left untreated, a child may develop differences in leg length and a duck-like gait. Later in life, he or she may have pain or arthritis in the hip.

IT\'S FUN:  How much ghee should I give my 8 month old?

How long does it take to correct hip dysplasia?

People who have surgery for hip dysplasia usually stay in the hospital for a few days. You should be able to bear weight on the joint at six weeks to three months. You may not be able to put full weight on the joint for up to three months after surgery to allow the hip to heal.

How do they fix hip dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia is often corrected by surgery. If hip dysplasia goes untreated, arthritis is likely to develop. Symptomatic hip dysplasia is likely to continue to cause symptoms until the deformity is surgically corrected. Many patients benefit from a procedure called periacetabular osteotomy or PAO.

What makes hip dysplasia worse?

The good news is that mild or moderate physical activity did not lead to earlier hip dysplasia surgery. Excess body weight also led to earlier surgery, but too much exercise was associated with earlier surgery regardless of body weight.