Excessive pressure on the brain from hydrocephalus can permanently impact the brain in infants or children, which may affect their physical and cognitive development. Your child’s doctor may recommend physical, occupational, or speech therapy to address other difficulties associated with hydrocephalus.
Can a baby with hydrocephalus lead a normal life?
What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
What happens to a child with hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull and causes the brain to swell. The name means “water on the brain.” Brain damage can occur as a result of the fluid buildup. This can lead to developmental, physical, and intellectual impairments.
What are the key signs of hydrocephalus in a child?
Physical signs and symptoms
- Blurred or double vision.
- Abnormal eye movements.
- Abnormal enlargement of a toddler’s head.
- Sleepiness or sluggishness.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Unstable balance.
- Poor coordination.
How does hydrocephalus affect a child’s learning?
How hydrocephalus may affect learning and behaviour. Hydrocephalus can affect children’s concentration, working memory, understanding of language and their processing of information. All of these, potentially, can have an impact on behaviour. If you can’t remember instructions then you won’t be able to carry them out.
Does hydrocephalus ever go away?
Hydrocephalus is a condition of the brain where there is a pressure-induced deterioration of brain functions. It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment.
Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?
In most cases, the implantation of a shunt will successfully control hydrocephalus, but shunts do not cure hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus is a lifelong condition. However, with proper treatment and maintenance, children with hydrocephalus can lead normal lives with few limitations.
Is hydrocephalus considered a disability?
You cannot get disability automatically for hydrocephalus because it is not a specifically listed condition in Social Security’s “blue book” of listed impairments.
Can a child with hydrocephalus walk?
Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.
What is the treatment for hydrocephalus in the child?
The most common hydrocephalus treatment is a shunt, a small piece of silicone tubing placed surgically inside the body to bypass a blockage or otherwise create a better flow of cerebrospinal fluid. The shunt allows for fluid to flow through it in one direction.
At what age is hydrocephalus diagnosed?
Hydrocephalus is typically detected through a prenatal ultrasound between 15 and 35 weeks gestation. Our specialists are able to confirm this diagnosis with a fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exam, which provides more detailed images of the brain.
How common is pediatric hydrocephalus?
Causes and Types of Pediatric Hydrocephalus
Hydrocephalus is one of the most common pediatric neurological problems and occurs in about 1 in 1,000 children.