Kids can be born with strabismus or develop it in childhood. Often, it’s caused by a problem with the muscles that move the eyes, and can run in families. Most kids with strabismus are diagnosed when they’re between 1 and 4 years old. Rarely, a child might develop strabismus after age 6.
What is the main cause of strabismus?
Stroke (the leading cause of strabismus in adults) Head injuries, which can damage the area of the brain responsible for control of eye movement, the nerves that control eye movement, and the eye muscles. Neurological (nervous system) problems. Graves’ disease (overproduction of thyroid hormone)
Does strabismus go away?
Usually, the appearance of crossed eyes will go away as the baby’s face begins to grow. Strabismus usually develops in infants and young children, most often by age 3. But older children and adults can also develop the condition. People often believe that a child with strabismus will outgrow the condition.
How common is strabismus in infants?
Crossed eyes, also called strabismus, occurs when the eyes appear to be misaligned and point in different directions. Strabismus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and young children. It can be seen in up to 5 percent of children, affecting boys and girls equally.
Can strabismus go away on its own?
Whether in adults or children, Strabismus often does not go away on its own; however, strabismus of all types is treatable. Strabismus is relatively common and may be present in up to 5% of the population.
Why should strabismus be treated immediately?
Strabismus treatment is something you should consider for your child as soon as possible. Your child can be helped and the earlier, the better the chance of making a full recovery. Strabismus is a condition that can lead to amblyopia.
How do they test for strabismus in infants?
There are a variety of tests that can help detect strabismus and associated amblyopia. Light reflex testing evaluates the alignment of the eyes by having your child look directly at a point of light. Another test uses prisms to analyze whether your child’s eyes are properly aligned.
What happens if strabismus is not treated?
If the strabismus is not treated, the eye that the brain ignores will never see well. This loss of vision is called amblyopia. Another name for amblyopia is “lazy eye.” Sometimes lazy eye is present first, and it causes strabismus. In most children with strabismus, the cause is unknown.
How serious is strabismus?
If it doesn’t appear until later in life, it will cause double vision. If an adult’s eyes cross without warning, they could have a serious condition like a stroke. If either one happens, see a doctor immediately. Young children can suppress vision in a weaker eye, which lets them avoid double vision.
Does strabismus get worse with age?
The risk of adult strabismus increases with age, so the condition can reappear when a person gets older. “Unfortunately, as we age, our eye muscles do not function as well as they did in the past,” says Dr. Howard.