Ketones are by-products of fat breakdown in your body. When found in your urine, they indicate that you’re not eating enough calories at regular intervals during the day or that your blood glucose is too high. Small amounts of ketones in your morning urine can result from: not eating enough the previous day.
Why are ketones bad during pregnancy?
Ketones in your urine may be a sign that you and your baby are not getting enough energy fuel in your diet. Ketones and your baby. Some studies have shown that excess ketones in a pregnant woman’s urine may affect developing brain cells and lead to babies with a lower IQ and future learning disabilities.
Are ketones common during pregnancy?
Urinary ketones are common in pregnancy. This study shows that 22% of women have urinary ketones at either 16 or 28 weeks gestation and 8% have ketones at 36 weeks gestation. In some previous studies, maternal ketonuria has been associated with adverse fetal outcomes.
What causes ketosis in pregnancy?
The risk of starvation ketosis is increased by vomiting caused by early pregnancy reactions and uterine compression in the third trimester leading to insufficient energy intake.
Should I be worried about ketones in urine?
Talk to your doctor immediately if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones. This is a sign that your diabetes is out of control, or that you are getting sick. If you are unable to reach your diabetes care team, head for the emergency room or an urgent care facility.
How do I get rid of ketones in my urine?
If you detect ketones in your blood or urine, general treatment guidelines include drinking plenty of water or other calorie-free fluids to help flush ketones out of the body, taking insulin to bring your blood glucose level down, and rechecking both your blood glucose level and ketone level every three to four hours.
Can dehydration cause ketones in urine?
Dehydration. High blood sugar levels, which lead to high ketone levels, significantly increase urination and can lead to dehydration.
Why do I have ketones in my urine if I’m not diabetic?
People without diabetes can also have ketones in the urine if their body is using fat for fuel instead of glucose. This can happen with chronic vomiting, extreme exercise, low-carbohydrate diets, or eating disorders.
What do you do if ketones are high?
Go to your nearest A&E immediately if you think you have DKA, especially if you have a high level of ketones in your blood or urine. DKA is an emergency and needs to be treated in hospital immediately.
How do I lower my ketones?
Also try these steps to bring down your ketone levels:
- Drink extra water to flush them out of your body.
- Test your blood sugar every 3 to 4 hours.
- Don’t exercise if you have high blood sugar and high ketones.